Impact Of Poverty In Nigeria


Poverty according the United nations could be classified under the following indexes :Extreme poverty, deep poverty, abject poverty, destitution and penury.

The World Summit for Social Development explained poverty as “a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs, including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information.

Extreme poverty widely refers to an income below the international poverty line of $1.90(741 Naira ) per day in 2011 prices,and equivalent to $2.16(842.40 Naira in 2019 till date ), according to the World Bank

The latest report from Nigeria Bereau of statistics (NBS) today, indicated that 82.9 Million Nigerians are living in Poverty, while the greater percentage and numbers of Nigerians living in deep poverty, abject poverty, destitution and penury are unaccounted.

This particular figure represent about 40.9 percent of Nigerians population and also went further to state that this population of Nigerians live below $2.16(842.40) per day.

Standard of living, ability to afford basic necessities of life such as food, shelter, clothing, health, Quality education, portable water, Electricity, utilities, information etc are all indicators of poverty or wealth.

This percentage of Nigerians are either employed, underemployed or unemployed and even those employed still live under extreme poverty index .Even with the minimum wage, If you check the salary structure and earnings of civil and public servants in state and federal civil service starting from grade level 8,9,10 if you divide the monthly earnings by 30 days the amount per day can’t even afford 3 plates of quality food in a day, let alone transportation, rent, health, shelter, clothing and other utilities In some cases for married couples with kids, it’s always a huge pain as most families live on loans debt for their survival.

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Are we to talk about unemployed million Nigerians who feed from hand to mouth, those who can’t afford quality meal, health care, Education,access to information utilities under the index of abject poverty, destitution and penury.

It is very sad to still see a country that is supposedly giant of Africa with huge mineral, natural and human resources laying in great magnitude still battle with this high level of poverty, but still see our collective wealth retired in the hands of few individuals.

To me, Nigeria is not a poor nation we only have one greatest poverty ravaging us and that is leadership poverty.

It should give us a serious concern and worry and that in our dear country amidst our wealth and resources our citizens are dying not just in extreme, abject poverty but in destitution and penury.


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